The Kani Shaie Archaeological Project During the first season of excavations in September 2013, the Kani Shaie Archaeological Project (KSAP)1 explored the history of occupation at Kani Shaie in the Bazyan Valley in Iraqi Kurdistan. Map showing the location of etsy clear coque iphone 6 coqueiphone144116 Kani Shaie (labeled in orange) in the context of the Early Bronze Age Near East. Click for a larger view. Courtesy of Steve Renette. Throughout the twentieth century, archaeologists have focused their attention on the southern Mesopotamian plains of Iraq, largely neglecting the mountainous northern part of the country. As a result, the region east of the Tigris River is largely terra incognita for ancient Near Eastern history. This coque iphone 6 star wars anten32698 situation is about to change dramatically with an explosion of archaeological fieldwork projects in Iraqi Kurdistan, which has been a safe, coque iphone 6 blonde anten34112 prosperous and very welcoming haven after the dramatic developments that have upset Syria and most of Iraq. In 2012, we formed the Kani Shaie Archaeological Project with the goal to study the history of human settlement in the Bazyan Valley, on the road power puff girls o3008 coque iphone 7 plus iphone 8 plus 1coques8plusiphone4085 between Kirkuk and Sulaimaniyah. In its first phase, the project focuses on stratigraphical excavations at the site of Kani Shaie. This site is centrally custom printed coque iphone 6 coque7iphone16114 located within the Bazyan Valley and is the largest, most visible ancient settlement. Nevertheless, its still very modest size (ca. 2 ha and 11 m high) provides the opportunity to quickly gain insights into to the region’s history and development of material culture. By the end of its lifespan the site became too high and small, causing the population to shift occupation elsewhere within the valley. Two thousand years later, when the Parthian Empire held sway over the region, a small village grew at the base of the valley’s oldest center. The attractive location, close to several springs, attracted people once again during the early Islamic period, when villagers used the high mound as a burial ground for their deceased. To this day the site is a social focal point of the valley. The name of the coque en silicone iphone 6s gris anthracite anten30551 site, Kani Shaie, roughly means “the spring where people dance,” referring to the joyful activities that take place in this idyllic, lush place. From Babylon to Baghdad: Ancient Iraq and the Modern West examines the relationship between pittsburgh steelers x4885 coque iphone 7 plus iphone 8 plus 1coques8plusiphone6585 ancient Iraq and the origins of modern Western society. It examines the evolving relationship that modern coque iphone 6 audi rs anten34820 scholarship has with this part of the world, captain marvel supergirl p0596 coque samsung galaxy s20 s20 5g and chronicles the present day iphone 6s coque fille anten31261 fight to preserve Iraq’s cultural heritage. View of Kani Shaie in March 2012. Courtesy of KSAP. The first inhabitants of Kani Shaie lived about 6,500 years ago, during the so called Ubaid period. At this time, the fertile mountainous valleys of the Zagros Mountains and its hilly piedmont were dotted with numerous villages. During the next thousand years, Kani Shaie developed into a local center within the Bazyan Valley, probably due to its central location. The pottery used by the inhabitants at this time is indistinguishable from ceramics used at similar sites in Turkey, Syria, Iran and south Iraq. This phenomenon is often called the “Uruk expansion,” which refers to the theory that southern Mesopotamian city states Uruk being the largest one established colonies far along major trade routes to gain access to raw materials. The closest and most famous site of this nature is Godin Tepe across the border in Iran with which Kani Shaie appears to have many similarities. However, even though Kani Shaie is located on a route that connects the northern Tigris region with the Zagros Mountains, the valley is situated off the major trade routes for southern Mesopotamia and away from valuable raw materials. https://www.cifnet.it/products/cover-samsung-rosa-8custodia4cover1840 An important research goal for future seasons of fieldwork will be to address the importance of Kani Shaie during the Uruk attack on titan freedom iphone case period and how it was connected with sites throughout the Near East. A best coque iphone 6 for men coqueiphone137775 major find during last year’s excavations might offer a clue to this conundrum. Associated with a large, burnt layer that seals the Uruk period occupation at the site, we found a clay tablet with a numerical mark and sealed several times with the same cylinder seal. The scene depicted on this seal impression is unusual, but perhaps at home in this region. It shows a man sending off a boat carrying five horned animals, possibly mountain goats. Could this indicate that an important economic role of the region was the supply of animals to the Mesopotamian plains downstream If so, Kani Shaie might have functioned as the administrative center for these activities. Uruk period numerical tablet with seal impression, along with two 3D scans of the tablet. Courtesy of KSAP. Learn how 360 degree photography is providing archaeologists with a new look at Mesopotamian cylinder seals. Soon after this destruction, the top of the site was leveled and a new kind of settlement, with a very different set of material culture, began. is one of the least understood coque iphone 6s alice anten31979 in the history of the ancient Near East, and Kani Shaie is the opening ceremony coque iphone 6 coque7iphone13694 first site in the region dating to this period to be excavated systematically. The Bazyan Valley with Kani Shaie in a green oasis against the backdrop of the formidable Bazyan hill range. Courtesy of KSAP. Survey projects in the region have had a difficult time recognizing sites belonging to the beginning of the Early Bronze Age so much so that some have even suggested a possible abandonment of the region. This impression is certainly a result of a lack of research, which the Kani Shaie coque iphone 6 with card holder purple coqueiphone132104 Archaeological Project aims to amend. From the preliminary results coque iphone 6 fleur rose anten33404 of excavations in 2013, it seems that Kani Shaie had become an agricultural village after the destruction of the Uruk period center. https://www.custodia4cover.it/products/chicago-cubs-lg-e1750-coque-iphone-x-xs-1coversxxsiphone12988 The settlement appears to have consisted of small scale architecture, continuously built and rebuilt for several centuries. Nevertheless, the site continued its role as administrative center, attested by the presence of two cylinder seal impressions. One of these seal impressions is part of a tradition widely in use all across the Zagros Piedmont, while the other seems to be of a local style and was impressed finding dory iphone 6 6s coque cover on a large jar. https://www.cifnet.it/products/bling-iphone-6-custodia-iphone-6s-silicone-12custodia4iphone4138 Kani Shaie also remained in contact with distant regions. At Kani Shaie several of these traditions leicester city jersey e1450 coque iphone 7 plus iphone 8 plus 1coques8plusiphone9087 have been found together alongside an unknown local style, consisting of bowls painted with large spirals. At this point it is unclear whether these different kinds of ceramics were imported at the site or if the inhabitants of Kani Shaie participated in the different traditions surrounding them. Courtesy of KSAP. https://www.custodia4cover.it/products/custodia-cover-iphone-8-8-plus-galaxy-4 Nevertheless, throughout its history the site remained central to life in belkin coque iphone 6 amazon coque7iphone15395 the Bazyan Valley, sometimes in the form of villages at its base or esr pusheen cat w8718 coque samsung galaxy s20 s20 5g rugged coque iphone 6 coqueiphone138449 at other times as a clearly visible focal point and a social gathering place. is the advent of Near Eastern history, with developments that would lead to the formation of polities and ethnic groups that appear in historical sources centuries later. When the Akkadian king Naram Sin marched on the Zagros, he defeated the Lullubi. In its turn, the Akkadian Empire was brought to its knees by the Guti who came down from the Zagros Mountains. And the powerful kings of Ur, Isin and Larsa had to compete with the king of Simurrum for control over the Zagros Piedmont. New research in Iraqi Kurdistan can finally tell the stories from the perspective of the Zagros peoples, and the Kani Shaie Archaeological Project aims to shed light on the developments that lead to their rise to prominence. In September 2014 we will return to the site with a larger team to address the questions raised by the first excavations last year. 2 KSAP works closely together with the Sulaimaniyah Directorate of Antiquities and its director Dr. Kamal Rasheed. https://www.custodia4cover.it/products/avanger-minmalist-face-z1668-coque-iphone-x-xs-1coversxxsiphone5667 We wish to extend our greatest gratitude to Kamal Rasheed, Hashim Hama (director of the Sulaimaniyah Museum), Zana Abdullkarim (our representative), Dlshad A. Marf Zamua (Leiden University) and Kozad M. Courtesy of KSAP. candidate at the University of Pennsylvania and codirector of the Kani Shaie Archaeological Project. He received degrees from Ghent University in Belgium and Leiden University in the Netherlands. During the past twelve years he has gained fieldwork experience at sites in Belgium, Tunisia, Corsica, Syria, Azerbaijan, the United Arab Emirates and Iraqi Kurdistan. His primary research focuses on the role of the landscape of the Zagros Mountains on the indigenous development of societies, ethnic groups and polities during the Early Bronze Age.
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